Focus Area 1: Disaster & Community Resilience
- Resilient infrastructure
- Emergency evacuation
- Impact of disasters on vulnerable communities
- Wind effects on buildings, other structures, and community
CEE researchers are working on novel methodologies to extend our understanding of the actual impact of disasters on communities by providing the decision makers’ and communities’ perceptions of the risks and constraints shaping their environment, across a range of ages, income, ethnicity and functional abilities. The ultimate goal is to create more effective evacuation and emergency response strategies and policies that reduce the community-dwelling public vulnerability to injury or death in hurricanes in the Florida, the state with the greatest hurricane susceptibility in the U.S.
Focus Area 2: Intelligent Mobility and Logistics
- Intelligent transportation systems
- Smart logistics and optimization
- Connected and automated vehicles
- Traffic operations and safety
Many states across the U.S. experience a fast growth in demand for passenger and freight transportation. Failure to meet this growing demand may cause a number of negative externalities, including traffic delays, congestion, environmental pollution, crashes, monetary losses, and business interruptions. CEE faculty use advanced analytical methods to improve the effectiveness of traffic operations and ensure safety of infrastructure users. Intelligent transportation systems, simulation models, and optimization models have been developed to assist various stakeholders in Florida and across the country with better utilization of the existing infrastructure and available resources. Moreover, additional projects are currently conducted to provide a smooth transition towards connected and autonomous vehicles and their efficient deployment in Florida.
Established as a Tier 1 University Transportation Center (UTC) and funded at $4.2 million by the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT), ASAP Center is a multidisciplinary collaboration organized to conduct research in the primary area of transportation engineering, as well as performing educational and outreach programs. With motivation from Florida's large number of senior residents, the reported relatively high involvement of seniors in traffic crashes nationwide, and their special needs for transportation, the theme of the center is to provide safe and accessible transportation to the aging population. The center is supported by a strong research team from various disciplines including civil and environmental engineering, urban planning, geography, psychology, sociology and health care management.
The RIDER Center was founded with the mission of achieving resilience for communities affected by natural disasters such as hurricanes and the COVID-19 pandemic. RIDER researchers address a myriad of inter-related infrastructure design and management challenges that affect community resilience, from designing innovative materials and structures to resist wind and water, to identifying critical escape and emergency response routes. We develop sustainable practices for removing debris and restoring infrastructure systems after disasters, improve processes for manufacturing and supply of goods and services, and predict the effect of climate and land use on water supply and quality. Our multi-disciplinary approach is uniquely effective, coupling engineering and technology-driven solutions with social and information scientists to identify at-risk populations and get that knowledge into the hands of government and community stakeholders. We serve at the nexus of engineering, science, and community.
Transportation Engineering Laboratory aims to develop innovative and novel solutions to meeting mobility, accessibility and safety needs. Fully equipped with the state of the art equipment and software, the laboratory research areas include connected and automated vehicles, smart cities and urban mobility, freight logistics and traffic operations and safety.
- Resilient Rural Infrastructure
This proposal explores how to achieve adaptive resilience for Gulf coastal communities, which has the potential to extend to infrastructure resilience of other rural communities and aims to foster a new understanding of the complex interactions among the key elements of community resilience in rural coastline areas.
- Feasibility Analysis of Real-time Intersection Data Collection and Processing Using Drones
The overall goal of this project is to test the feasibility and efficiency of drone-based real-time data collection and processing at intersections, which can be used by the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) planners and engineers at various levels of traffic operations and safety analysis.
- Evaluation of Connected Vehicle Applications on Mahan Corridor
The overall goal of this project is to determine the efficacy of a cooperative intersection program in improving efficiency and safety along a signalized-intersections corridor. Advancements in connected/automated vehicle technologies are offering an opportunity to greatly enhance efficiency and safety of motorized and non-motorized traffic through the implementation of V2I, V2X, and two way communication between an intersection and non-motorized traffic – that is, pedestrians, bicyclists and vulnerable road users. Deployment of these technologies at the intersection level will make an intersection “cooperative” by allowing for a dynamic transfer of data between vehicles and the intersection and between the intersection and motorized/non-motorized road users with mobile platforms.
- Excellence in Research: Integrated Hazard and Traffic Modeling for Massive Evacuation in Florida under Uncertainty of Hurricane Track
Considering that large and high-density populations concentrated in Florida coast are vulnerable to hurricane impacts, it is extremely necessary and significant to prepare massive hurricane evacuation plans with considerations of the uncertainty of hurricane tracks. Based on the significant needs for massive evacuations for hurricanes in Florida, this study aims to: (1) conduct uncertainty analysis of hurricane tracks; (2) conduct modeling of hurricane-induced coastal hazards; (3) develop massive emergency evacuation models; (4) develop an optimization methodology to maximize the accessibility and capacity of hurricane shelters.
- Improving Safety at Highway-Rail Grade Crossings in Florida while Maintaining Continuity of Passenger and Freight Flows: A Multi-Objective Approach
A significant number of accidents between highway vehicles and passing trains have been observed in the State of Florida over the past years. Accidents at highway-rail grade crossings could be mitigated with the application of countermeasures, but these countermeasures may add significant traffic delays. This project proposes a multi-objective optimization model and a set of customized heuristic algorithms for resource allocation among the highway-rail grade crossings, aiming to minimize the overall predicted hazard severity and to minimize the overall traffic delay due to application of countermeasures.
- RAPID: The Impact of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic on Municipal Solid Waste Management Systems
This project aims to collect ephemeral data on the longitudinal impact of the coronavirus pandemic municipal solid waste management systems (MSWMSs) in Florida, New York, and California. Since the impact of the coronavirus on MSWMSs and their responses vary across states and from urban to rural setting, these data can be used to (i) identify and characterize a broad range of regional waste management challenges, (ii) track the emerging adaptive behaviors different system entities take to adequately operate municipal waste services, and (iii) specify the system requirements and characteristics (i.e., system composition, topology, and control) that enable successful adaptation during a pandemic.